Classification of Italian Wines and its Significance

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Italian Wine Classification

Italian wine labels, just like those from France and Spain, are required by law to show an established set of basic information (producer name, appellation, vintage, alcohol content and bottle volume). The Italian wine classification system has often caused confusion in the past, especially when it was introduced in 1963. So what are the few classifications we have now today, Ewineasia finds out…

Vino Da Tavola

Vino da Tavola translates to table wine, which refers to the most basic wine available. Generally, this means mass-produced wine that is intended for local consumption and is usually not suitable for ageing. The only stipulation for a wine to be labeled as Vino da Tavola is that it has to be produced in Italy.

Indicazione Geografica Tipica (IGT)

Unlike the DOC & DOCG categories, the IGT classification was introduced in 1992, at a much later date in order give recognition to wines that did not fit into the DOC or DOCG category. Wines classified in this category is known to be of superior quality to Italy’s table wines. The new breed of “Super Tuscan” wines which were once unable to considered for DOC, can also be grouped under the IGT classification. This is

Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC)

DOC was introduced in 1963 with the aim of encouraging wine producers to focus on quality and to protect the international reputation of Italian wines. DOC wines must be produced according to strict guidelines, ensuring that the wine is made from permitted grape varieties and meets the legal requirements to be designated as a wine from the region it represents

Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita(DOCG)

The DOCG category is reserved for the highest quality wines from Italy. In addition to the conditions for DOC, the wines must be “guaranteed” by passing a blind tasting test. This prestigious category has been deemed as the best that Italy has to offer.

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